Rockwall County is the smallest county in Texas, covering only 147 square miles. In the early 1800s, the area was occupied by Caddo Indians. The Creek Indians began to arrive and as they spread the 2 tribes were in conflict. When the 1st Anglo-Americans arrived sometime in the 1840s they found these Indian groups at war among themselves.
The History of Rock Wall
In the early 1850s, farmers were digging a well and discovered a rock wall that crossed the county and at some places appeared above ground level. Scientists have determined that this is a natural formation, but folk tales continue to say that it was built by prehistoric natives.
Where can you see the wall?
All of the known locations of the “wall” formation are underneath privately owned land. There is however, a private effort to re-assemble some of the stones that have been taken from the “wall.” Pieces of the stone are laid out next to the Rockwall County Historical Foundation .
Rockwall has undergone a process of tremendous growth and development. The population today exceeds 40,000 and the present industries include those in defense, technology, advanced manufacturing, packaging, food processing, and others. An important catalyst in Rockwall’s growth has been the Rockwall Economic Development Corporation (REDC).